Among the causes for periodontal (gum) disease are genetic susceptibility, smoking, and other illnesses like diabetes. Periodontal maintenance involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Most gum diseases are preventable with proper oral hygiene. However, what can start out as gingivitis (inflamed or bleeding gums) can quickly turn into periodontitis. In such cases, gums pull away from the tooth to create “pockets,” thereby exposing a dental root to infection. It can also lead to prolonged bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing and other complications.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
After an examination, our Doctor's will be able to determine whether or not you have gum disease. If the Doctor does diagnose you with gum disease, you will be set up with a deep cleaning or a scaling and root planning procedure for all affected quadrants of you teeth. After the deep cleaning has been done, you will be set up with follow up appointments every two to four months depending on the severity of the gum disease.
If the doctor sees that the gum disease is already at a progressed stage, then you may get referred to our in house gum specialist, known as a periodontist. Note that it is possible to be scheduled for a deep cleaning and be referred to the periodontist as well. After the periodontist has seen you, she may decide you need gum surgery in order to preserve your teeth.